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Parvati, c. 975

India: Tamil Nadu, 950-1000
30 in. (76.2 cm)
The Norton Simon Foundation
© The Norton Simon Foundation

On view

This image of Shiva’s consort Parvati (or “Uma,” as she is called in Tamil) is one of the earliest bronzes in the museum’s collection. She shares the elongated proportions and slender face of the early tenth-century image of Shiva Tripurantaka, and her crown resembles his crown. These features suggest that the sculpture was made before the end of the tenth century, during the life of the Chola Queen Sembiyan Mahadevi. The elaborate patterning of Parvati’s garment with bands of circles, triangles, and scrolls is also similar to that worn by figures cast in Queen Sembiyan Mahadevi’s workshop.

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